1 Sampling and pretreatment
The key steps to identify the types of dyes on cellulose fibers are sampling and sample pretreatment. When taking the sample, the part of the same dye should be taken. If the sample contains several shades, each shade should be taken. If fiber identification is required, the type of fiber should be confirmed according to the FZ/TO1057 standard. If there are impurities, grease, and slurry on the sample that affect the experiment, it must be treated with a detergent in 60-70℃ hot water for 15 minutes, washed and dried. If it is known that the sample is finished with resin, use the following methods respectively.
1) Urine-formaldehyde resin is treated with 1% hydrochloric acid at 70-80℃ for 15min, washed and dried.
2) Acrylic resin can be treated with 50-100 times Erke reflow for 2-3h, and then taken out for washing and drying.
3) The silicone resin can be treated with 5g/L soap and 5g/L sodium carbonate 90cI=15min, washed and dried.
2.Identification method of sulfur dyes
Put 100-300mg sample in 35mL test tube, add 2～3mL water, 1-2mL 10% sodium carbonate solution and 200-400mg sodium sulfide, heat and boil for 1-2min, take out 25-50mg white cotton cloth and 10-20mg sample Sodium chloride in the test tube. Boil for 1-2min. Take it out and place it on filter paper to allow it to reoxidize. If the obtained shade is similar to the original, only the shade is different, it can be considered as a sulfurized or sulfurized vat dye.